How to Immigrate to Canada
Today with the most of globe reeling under the debt crisis post global meltdown, Canadian economy is one of those few nations which is in flamboyant moods and is in need of consistent inflow of migrant workers for to address structural deficiencies in labor pool. Canada has been a hot destination for immigration since the turn of 21st century. With vast areas lying uninhabited and unparalleled potential for a better career, prosperous life and stable future Indians have been making bee lines for migration to this North American nation.
Immigration to Canada is possible through
:- Federal trained proficient migrant-FSWP
:- Provincial sponsorship scheme-PNPs
Most popular passage to Canada from India has been under federal skilled migration regime. This program offers an unparalleled freedom to travel and work anywhere in Canada. Currently this program is undergoing a transformation and efforts are on to make FSWP more responsive to needs of Canadian economy. There are some considerable changes being planned and once implemented (tentative date of enforcement of these amendments is January 2013) focus of immigration regime will shift to more need based skilled migration (as some trades have been kept in restricted professions class to curtail inflow of migrants in professions where there is a sizeable presence of local work force).
Proposed modifications put the operate ability on National occupational classification – NOC and all future regime indicators will function in close collusion with NOC.
Emphasis of federal migration system is going to be on encouraging younger emigrants to participate in labor pool for a longer period. Besides age, there are other systematic modifications being planned to facelift immigration set-up.
Language ability has been prioritized in new system as language is considered an important element in ability of migrants and their spouses to adapt in local socio-economic scenario efficiently and effectively!
Likewise, overseas employment experience in nominated trade is not going to carry more weight as this aspect of migrant’s profile is not considered to be favorable for ability to be hired initially.
Bearings of changes will be observed in point’s evaluation of a migrant. Most important step of new regime will be getting overseas academic credentials evaluated from a specified assessment agency. Only candidates with positive or neutral verification advice will be able to file for permanent residence.
A new classification “Federal Skilled Trade Class” is being introduced. This new incorporation has been planned as a move to appreciate needs of provisional requirements of Canadian labor pool. To qualify for this scheme you would need to either have a job offer on hand with tenure of minimum 1 year.
Another passage to migrate to Canada is through provincial sponsorship. Different states have been running their independent sponsorship programs in coordination with citizenship and immigration Canada. States have freedom to manoeuvre their programs and sponsor people as per distinct and local aspirations. Provincial schemes are based on requirements of different sectors of states and do not rely on federal immigration structure.
Critical aspects that you would need to prove for any program be it federal or PNP are Education
:- Financial eligibility
:- Work exposure
:- Linguistic skills
:- Adaptability factors and contribution capacity in economic aspects
Canada Immigration Permanent Resident
Who is Canada Immigration Permanent Resident?
He is basically an individual, who does not happen to be a citizen of the country, but has been proffered with the authorization to stay and do a job inside the country, minus any restrictions whatsoever of time-frame put on his stay. Although Canada permanent residents continue to be the citizens of their home nation, they enjoy certain rights and privileges in the Maple Country, i.e., Canada.
With a view to maintaining one’s status as a permanent resident, the involved person has to cater to certain mentioned obligations though related to residency. It is compulsory that such a resident stays inside the Maple Country, for 2 years out of every 5 years to maintain his prized permanent status.
All permanent residents are provided with what is called the Permanent Resident Card (PR Card). It’s the certified evidence of their position as permanent residents of the Maple Country. The holders are expected to produce the same on being asked for it by the concerned authorities.
It needs to be mentioned here that an individual in Canada, on a short-term basis-like a world student and/or a temporary overseas worker-does not hold the permanent residency rights of the Maple Country, and is not a permanent resident.
Canada Permanent Resident Vs Canada Citizens
People often fail to differentiate between a Canada Permanent Resident and a Canada Citizen even as they believe the rights and obligations of these two are rather identical. Yes, it’s a fact that there is not much of a difference between the rights and responsibilities of a Canadian permanent resident and a Canadian citizen. Both have the right to do a job for any firm, in addition for the federal or provincial administration (some restrictions do exist). Further, the permanent residents, much like the citizens, may join the country’s defence forces.
However, Canada permanent residents still lack many rights, as compared to the Canada citizens. They cannot cast votes in elections; contest for elected office; possess the nation’s passports. Further, unlike the citizens, the permanent residents could be exiled from the nation for grave crimes committed inside the Maple Country.
Though permanent residents could file a petition for the citizenship, post 3 years inside Canada; this is not obligatory.
Canada PNP General Skilled Workers
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) for General Skilled Workers specifically caters to applicants applying under a particular province (barring Quebec which has its own set of selection criteria), with the state having the sovereignty over the procedures set under the program. Majority of Canadian provinces like Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Nova Scotia, to name a few have an accord with the Canadian government which allows them to nominate applicants under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) category.
You as the prospective applicant to Canada would be nominated by the government of relevant provinces, subject to an available offer of employment from a provincial employer. A thorough assessment of your profile from the provincial immigration authorities mean you would be granted a PR status of that particular province!
As mentioned earlier, if you as a potential applicant to Quebec are willing to file under the Quebec PNP for skilled workers, businessmen and investor category, it is advised to file a separate application followed by the granting of a Quebec Selection Certificate from the government of Quebec.
The Canada Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) for general skilled migration allows you to settle down in a province of your choice in the country. “Province” is another name for “states”.
:- Get a Provincial Nomination.
:- Except Quebec province, all other Canadian provinces and territories require that you as the prospective applicant have a confirmed offer of employment from a provincial employer.
:- On confirmation of availability of confirmed job offer from a provincial employer, an application is made to provincial Government for nomination under the provincial nominee program.
:- The application is filed along with the provincial nomination and all other required documents and application processing fee.
:- After application is filed and has received positive assessment review, you would be invited to undergo medical formalities and after a positive assessment, to provide to pay the Right of Permanent Residence fee for self and spouse (if accompanying you and if stands applicable).
This is finally followed by stamping and issuance of permanent resident visa for Canada under provincial nominee program for skilled immigrants.